Gauss was here
"According to Wikipedia, UTF-8 [circa 1993] was built on ASCII by Rob Pike and Ken Thompson [circa 1963]. ASCII was developed from telegraph codes by a committee. The telegraph codes stemmed from a Western Union code [circa 1916], which evolved from a code by Donald Murray , who modified a 5-bit code invented by Émile Baudot , who based his work on a code designed by Carl Friedrich Gauss and Wilhelm Weber [1834!!!]. It’s awe-inspiring that the Prince of Mathematicians was involved. And if he were alive today, I bet he’d disparage UTF-16!"